A: (Prepare for the Essay)
1- Guess what the possible essay topics will be. If your teacher spent a lot of time on a particular topic, then he or she probably thinks that the topic is important. That topic might become a potential essay topic.
2- Know the characteristics of an effective essay. A good essay is:
· Focused. The essay gets straight to the point and utilizes clear arguments. The writing doesn't deviate from the given topic.
· Organized. The most successful writers don't make up the essay as they go along. They consider the structure and the order in which they will present their points before they start to write.
· Supported. Good essays include points that can be supported by facts or by statements within the text that is being analyzed.
· Lucid. Good essays use proper grammar, spelling and punctuation.
3- Bring a pencil to class to write your essay. Ask your teacher if you are allowed to use extra scrap paper for jotting down your ideas.
B: (Write the Essay)
1- Analyze the prompt. Note exactly what your teacher or professor is asking you to do.
· Write down the prompt if the prompt is on the white board or smart board.
· Underline the key words in the prompt. Look for words like "explain," "identify," "analyze" or "define".
· Break down the prompt into components. If you are to "identify" something and then "analyze" it, then write 1 paragraph identifying what's requested and a second paragraph analyzing what you identified.
2- List all of your ideas. Write short sentence fragments or keywords of all of the facts that you can remember. These should be facts that will support the arguments or statements that you will make in your essay.
3- Write a thesis statement for the entire essay. This statement should identify the point that you will make in your essay.
· Avoid writing statements about yourself. For instance, don't write "I think" or "The point I will make today is...".
· Make the thesis statement specific.When writing about an interpretation,use neutral language to state your opinion.Write "Ronald Reagan will always be remembered as a great US president because he arguably ended the Cold War." Avoid writing "Everyone thinks Ronald Reagan is the best president in history".
· Make every paragraph in your essay tie back to the thesis statement.
4- Divide the facts that you listed earlier into 2 to 4 groups.
· Note the common characteristics of the points in each group. The common characteristics will become the topic sentences for your body paragraphs.
· Discard ideas that don't support your main points. Adding additional ideas will make your writing unfocused.
· Rank each group in order of importance. Start with the least important point in your first body paragraph and conclude with your strongest point in your last body paragraph.
5- Write the topic sentences for your body paragraphs.
· Use 1 or 2 sentences for each supporting point in your paragraphs. Make sure the sentences directly relate to the paragraph's topic sentence.
· State the supporting point. Then, state why the point is important. Never write something down without explaining its significance.
6- Write the concluding statements for each paragraph. Restate the argument that you made in your topic sentence.
7- Create a short introduction for your essay. For example, use a fact, quote or statistic that relates to your thesis statement. Your thesis statement should be the last sentence of your introduction.
8- Write a conclusion. The conclusion should restate the thesis statement, briefly summarize the arguments that you made and finish by stating the ultimate point of your essay.
C: (Proofread Your Essay)
1- Fix grammatical errors, punctuation and spelling first.
2- Correct any errors in logic second.
3- Finish by smoothing out transitions between and within paragraphs to improve the flow of the essay.

Mahmoud Abd ALSSAMAD Aljayyar